Bone Grafting

What is Bone Grafting?

Over a period of time, the jawbone associated with missing teeth atrophies or is reabsorbed. This often leaves a condition in which there is poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for placement of dental implants. In these situations, most patients are not candidates for placement of dental implants.

Today, we have the ability to grow bone where needed. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and esthetic appearance.

For more information about Bone Grafting or to schedule an appointment with our doctors:

Major Bone Grafting

Bone grafting can repair implant sites with inadequate bone structure due to previous extractions, gum disease, or injuries. The bone is either obtained from a tissue bank or your own bone is taken from the jaw, hip, or tibia (below the knee.) Sinus bone grafts are also performed to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes may be utilized that dissolve under the gum and protect the bone graft and encourage bone regeneration. This is called guided bone regeneration or guided tissue regeneration.

Major bone grafts are typically performed to repair defects of the jaws. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic injuries, tumor surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects are repaired using the patient’s own bone. This bone is harvested from a number of different sites depending on the size of the defect. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), and lateral knee (tibia) are common donor sites. These procedures are routinely performed in an operating room and require a hospital stay.

Bone Grafting Overview

For a brief narrated overview of the bone grafting process, please click the image below. It will launch our educational MiniModule in a separate window that may answer some of your questions about bone grafting.

Bone Grafting Overview

Sinus Lift Procedure

The maxillary sinuses are behind your cheeks and on top of the upper teeth. Sinuses are like empty rooms that have nothing in them. Some of the roots of the natural upper teeth extend up into the maxillary sinuses. When these upper teeth are removed, there is often just a thin wall of bone separating the maxillary sinus and the mouth. Dental implants need bone to hold them in place. When the sinus wall is very thin, it is impossible to place dental implants in this bone.

There is a solution called a sinus graft or sinus lift graft. The dental implant surgeon enters the sinus from where the upper teeth used to be. The sinus membrane is then lifted upward and donor bone is inserted into the floor of the sinus. Keep in mind that the floor of the sinus is the roof of the upper jaw. After several months of healing, the bone becomes part of the patient’s jaw and dental implants can be inserted and stabilized in this new sinus bone.

The sinus graft makes it possible for many patients to have dental implants when years ago there was no other option other than wearing loose dentures.

If enough bone between the upper jaw ridge and the bottom of the sinus is available to stabilize the implant well, sinus augmentations and implant placement can sometimes be performed as a single procedure. If not enough bone is available, the sinus augmentation will have to be performed first, then the graft will have to mature for several months, depending upon the type of graft material used. Once the graft has matured, the implants can be placed.

Ridge Expansion

In severe cases, the ridge has been reabsorbed and a bone graft is placed to increase ridge height and/or width. This is a technique used to restore the lost bone dimension when the jaw ridge gets too thin to place conventional implants. In this procedure, the bony ridge of the jaw is literally expanded by mechanical means. Bone graft material can be placed and matured for a few months before placing the implant.

Rocky Mount Periodontics and Implant Center

5 out of 5 stars based on 33 Bone Grafting reviews.

Patient Review by Betsy D

The staff and doctors are very professional. They are willing to answer your questions and seem eager to help you feel comfortable with procedures and follow up.

- Betsy D

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Joan S

I was extremely happy with the care and expertise that I received. I was so worried that I would lose my tooth as my dentist said I would. I found "Rockynount Periodontics and Implants" online after a broad search for treatment that took me all over the world. I'm so glad they are near home and can give the best treatment in the world. Thank you for saving my tooth! Dr. Harrington is fabulous!

- Joan S

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Linda C

I feel if I had known about coming here sooner than I did, I feel like I would not have lost teeth in the past. I have been very very satisfied with Dr. Kim.

- Linda C

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Rex W

Been seeing this office for several years and have never been disappointed with anything. They always do a good job!!

- Rex W

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Paula R

Dr. Arrington did surgery. 5 days after surgery on Christmas Eve I had pain and concerns so I called her on Christmas Eve night and she answered on the second ring. I highly recommend her. She is a very good Doctor and good and caring person.

- Paula R

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Mike H

Everybody from Dr. Kim to staff very professional but friendly and seem to really care about your health needs

- Mike H

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Ben W

Dr. Arrington and her staff have the what I call the three "C's" of excellent healthcare. The ability to communicate, compassion, and competence.

- Ben W

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Debra N

Excellent treatment, staff is extremely nice and compassionate. Dr. Arrington is one of my favorites, very kind, and understanding. My procedure went very well and my recovery had no issues at all. I was very pleasantly surprised. You will love this Dr.

- Debra N

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Vicky H

I have had a great experience with my surgery and care. Michelle did a wonderful job on my cleaning!

- Vicky H

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Jack B

Everything is done in a very professional manner!

- Jack B

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Cameron T

The staff here is nice and caring. I am typically afraid of dentist in general, but the staff is great! I have never been so relaxed on a visit previously. I highly recommend Dr. Arrington to anyone.

- Cameron T

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Jan B

I have been seeing Dr. Arrington for 2-3 years and she is excellent! I could not ask for a better periodontist and experience with this office.

- Jan B

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Rex W

I'm very satisfied with care and attention by doctor and staff!

- Rex W

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Kathy P

What a great experience! If anyone needs periodontal work done....this is the place to go. The entire staff is extremely knowledgeable, helpful, and fun to work with. Dr Harriet Arrington and her assistant Kim made what could have been a painful ordeal actually enjoyable because of the close follow-up and personal attention. From the successful surgery to my very last follow-up, there is nothing I could have wished for to make it any better! Thank you...thank you....thank you!!!!

- Kathy P

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Doug H

My dental care has been outstanding. Been coming to this practice for 30+ years. They have taken excellent care of my gums and teeth.

- Doug H

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Leah v


- Leah v

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Patient Review by Robert P

Everything went well . Very professional staff and doctor .

- Robert P

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Carol C

The staff and drs. made each visit both pleasant and pain free. Not once did the procedure hurt!

- Carol C

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Alice K

Saw Dr Strickland fro many many years and he was very professional and good.

- Alice K

5 out of 5 stars on

Patient Review by Mattie M

I am very, very pleased with my bone grafting surgery. I had very little pain and had a speedy recovery.

- Mattie M

5 out of 5 stars on